Critical habitat is the specific areas within the geographic area, occupied by the species at the time it was listed, that contain the physical or biological features that are essential to the conservation of endangered and threatened species and...
This handbook was primarily developed to aid FWS and NMFS biologists implementing the section 7 consultation process. The purpose of the handbook is to provide information and guidance on the various consultation processes outlined in the...
Endangered species; Policies; Work of the Service;
This glossary is intended to give the meaning of key words but does not necessarily provide a legal definition or thorough description. To locate the legal definitions of Endangered Species Act terms, please see the end of this document.
When Congress passed the Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 1973, it recognized that our rich natural heritage is of “esthetic, ecological, educational, recreational, and scientific value to our Nation and its people.” It further expressed concern...
Species Status categories:
at- risk species — species of plants and animals that are
Federal candidate species and those that the Service
has not identified as candidate species, but are facing
threat( s) and are potential...
Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs) under section 10(a)(1)(B) of the Act (ESA) provide for partnerships with non-Federal parties to conserve the ecosystems upon which listed species depend, ultimately contributing to their recovery.
Endangered species; Habitat conservation; Planning; Work of the Service;
This contains frequently asked questions about Section 10 of the Endangered Species Act. An incidental take permit is required when non-Federal activities will result in “take” of threatened or endangered wildlife. A habitat conservation plan...
Military; Biography; History; Employees (USFWS); Youth; Recreation; Management; Hiking; Wilderness; Work of the Service; Wildlife refuges; Public access; Planning;
John Kurtz oral history transcript as conducted by Norman Olson. John Kurtz also spent time in the Phoenix Area Office in charge of refuges in Arizona and New Mexico. He also worked as supervisor for the northern refuges in Alaska.