The former Hazy Islands National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1912, was designated Wilderness in 1970 and incorporated as a subunit into the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge, Gulf of Alaska Unit, in 1980.
Joe Spicciani oral history interview with Ed Grossman. It should be noted that, at the time of this interview, Mr. Spicciani was still employed with the Fish and Wildlife Service as the Skipper of the research vessel Curlew.
Dave Spencer oral history interview with Jim King and Bruce Conant. Transcriber's note: difficult at times to hear and understand Dave – unfortunately, Dave passed away before the tapes were transcribed and he had a chance to edit.