Dave Spencer oral history interview with Jim King and Bruce Conant. Transcriber's note: difficult at times to hear and understand Dave – unfortunately, Dave passed away before the tapes were transcribed and he had a chance to edit.
Biography; Employees (USFWS); History; Military; Management; Work of the Service; Wildlife refuges; Resource management; Native Americans; Realty;
John Doebel oral history transcript as conducted by Norman Olson. Along with working at various refuges, John also spent time at the following offices: Atlanta Regional Office as the Bicentennial Land Heritage Program planner; Olympia, Washington...
Military; Biography; History; Employees (USFWS); Youth; Recreation; Management; Hiking; Wilderness; Work of the Service; Wildlife refuges; Public access; Planning;
John Kurtz oral history transcript as conducted by Norman Olson. John Kurtz also spent time in the Phoenix Area Office in charge of refuges in Arizona and New Mexico. He also worked as supervisor for the northern refuges in Alaska.
Land Conservation; Presidents; Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act
In 1980, after years of congressional debate, President Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, or ANILCA, into law. Often called the most significant land conservation measure in the history of our nation, the...